Biology (BS)

9_biology_banner

This program was approved for students entering the university in the Summer 2019–Spring 2020 catalog year. For more information about catalog year, go to Catalog Year Information.

Bachelor of Science in Biology
Unit: College of Arts and Sciences (AS)
Departmental Website: Biology 
Academic Plan Codes: See Track Requirements tab.

Program Information

There are two undergraduate degree programs offered in the Biology Department, a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Biology and a Bachelor of Science (BS) in Biology. 

Bachelor of Science degrees are designed so that students get a particularly strong background in their area of interest in biology, cell/physiology, or ecology, but still have some flexibility to take courses of interest. Compared to the BA degree, the BS degree requires more science, both in biology and in another field (physics or geosciences), a specific calculus course, and one less course in a foreign language.  Each of the tracks in the BS degree also requires courses specific to the field of interest. BS degrees are valuable for students wanting to find employment in a biological field without further formal education, for students planning to attend graduate or professional school, and for students who hope to become teachers. 

Completion of this degree requires work to be submitted for the department’s Learning Outcomes Measurement. For details, email the department.

Degree Summary

General Education Requirements 131
(10 hours of General Education requirements may be satisfied through coursework required by the degree program)
College/School Requirements13-15
Program/Major Requirements 147
Track Requirements38-40
Minimum Total Hours121

Specific coursework information can be found on the Degree Requirements tab.


Accelerated BA-BS/MS in Biology

Students who wish to pursue an accelerated non-thesis master's degree in Biology (BA-BS/MS) will be allowed to apply up to nine (9) hours of coursework taken for graduate credit while enrolled as an undergraduate. An additional twenty-four (24) hours of graduate coursework will constitute the minimum number of credit hours for obtaining the non-thesis masters in the accelerated program.

Students should apply in their junior year

For more information, please see this website.


Early Start Program (with the College of Education and Human Development)

The Master of Arts in Teaching program in conjunction with the undergraduate programs in Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics offers a comprehensive and professionally-focused program leading to an additional degree of MAT Middle or Secondary Education. This early start program enables superior students to receive two degrees within five years. A total of 148 credits are required for the dual degrees: 121 credits of coursework devoted toward the baccalaureate degree and 36 credits toward the MAT, with nine hours double-counted. This program will be available for students who are entering their junior year. They may take graduate level courses in the College of Education and Human Development (CEHD) in their 4th year of study.

The current qualifications for the joint degree program have been agreed upon by discipline faculty from the Colleges of Arts and Sciences and Education and Human Development. The criteria vary by discipline. Students enrolling in the accelerated program will be non-thesis students and must adhere to all policies pertaining to Graduate Students. All interested students must submit an application to the College of Education and Human Development (CEHD) MAT program and meet the admission criteria.

Departmental Admission Requirements

Admission to the Bachelor of Science in Biology requires the following: 

  • Completion of BIOL 240, BIOL 242, and BIOL 244 with a grade of C or better.
  • Completion of MATH 111 with a grade of C or better OR placement into a mathematics course above the level of MATH 111 on the basis of either the University of Louisville mathematics placement examination or ACT/SAT score.
  • A minimum overall grade point average (GPA) of 2.0. 

The Application for Major form can be found on the Arts & Sciences Advising Center website.

General Education Requirements

General Education Requirements *31
The following courses are required by the program and can satisfy the respective General Education Requirement:
Unity of Life - S
Diversity of Life - S
Principles of Biology Laboratory - SL
Calculus I - QR
General Chemistry I - S

*All degrees require the completion of the University-wide General Education Program (link provided above).  To complete the degree in the minimum number of hours listed on the Overview tab, some hours from the General Education Requirements must be satisfied by courses defined by the unit and/or program. If additional hours taken within the program also satisfy General Education requirements, students may need to take additional electives to satisfy the minimum hours required for the degree. 

College/School Requirements

Arts & Sciences Requirements
GEN 100Student Success Center Orientation1
or GEN 101 Arts and Sciences Orientation
Foreign Language 16-8
Electives in Humanities or Social Sciences at the 300-level or above 26
WR - two approved courses at the 300 level or above 3
Minimum Total Hours13-15

Program/Major Requirements

Department of Biology 4
BIOL 240Unity of Life - S 53
BIOL 242Diversity of Life - S 53
BIOL 244Principles of Biology Laboratory - SL 52
BIOL 329Cellular and Molecular Biology3
BIOL 330Genetics and Molecular Biology3
BIOL 331Genetics and Molecular Biology: Laboratory2
BIOL 363Principles of Ecology3
BIOL 409Evolutionary Biology - CUE3
Supporting Courses
MATH 205Calculus I - QR 54
BIOL 350Biostatistics (or advisor-approved statistics course)3
CHEM 201General Chemistry I - S 53
CHEM 202General Chemistry II - S3
CHEM 207
CHEM 208
Introduction to Chemical Analysis I - SL
Introduction to Chemical Analysis II - SL
2
CHEM 209Introduction to Chemical Analysis III1
CHEM 341Organic Chemistry I3
CHEM 343Organic Chemistry Laboratory I2
PHYS 221
PHYS 223
Fundamentals of Physics I - S
Fundamentals of Physics Lab I - SL
4
Completion of one of the tracks (see Track Requirements tab)38-40
Minimum Total Hours85-87

Only 60 hours in the major department may be applied toward the Bachelor of Science Degree.

At least 50 of the total minimum hours required must be at the 300 level or above. 

Culminating Undergraduate Experience (Graduation requirement)
Requirement fulfilled by completing one of the following:
Undergraduate Research - CUE 6
Undergraduate Research (WR) - CUE, WR 6
Evolutionary Biology - CUE
Biology of the Cell - CUE, WR
Undergraduate Teaching Assistant - CUE
Global Change Ecology - CUE
Developmental Biology - CUE, WR
Microbial Physiology - CUE, WR
Biology Internship - CUE
Medicinal Plant Biochemistry - CUE, WR
Experimental Design and Analysis - CUE

BS in Biology Tracks

Track in Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology

Academic Plan Code(s): BIOLBS_MCD

Supporting Courses
CHEM 342
CHEM 344
Organic Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
5
PHYS 222
PHYS 224
Fundamentals of Physics II - S
Fundamentals of Physics Laboratory II - SL
4
Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Track Core Courses
BIOL 357General Microbiology3
BIOL 443Developmental Biology - CUE, WR3
BIOL 465Principles of Physiology3
BIOL 540Intermediary Metabolism3
Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Laboratory Experience1-4
Select one of the following:
Microbiology Laboratory
Undergraduate Research
Undergraduate Research - CUE
Undergraduate Research (WR) - CUE, WR
Biotechnology Methods - WR
Medicinal Plant Biochemistry - CUE, WR
Experimental Design and Analysis - CUE
Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Track Electives9-10
Select at least three courses from the following:
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
Microbial Genetics and Pathogenesis - WR
Biology of the Cell - CUE, WR
Chemical Ecology - WR
Introduction to Immunology - WR
Microbial Physiology - CUE, WR
Behavioral Endocrinology - CUE, WR
Endocrinology
Environmental Physiology
Gene Structure and Function - WR
Evolutionary Medicine
Chronic Disease Biology
Biology Electives (300 level or higher)5-7
Minimum Total Hours38-40

Track in Ecology

Academic Plan Code(s): BIOLBS_ECO

Supporting Courses
Select two of the following courses:5-6
Geology for Scientists and Engineers
Introduction to Remote Sensing
Climate Science
Biogeography
Geomorphology
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
Urban Demography and GIS
Select one of the following two sequences:4-5
Fundamentals of Physics II - S
Fundamentals of Physics Laboratory II - SL
Organic Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
Ecology Track Core Courses
BIOL 401Advanced Ecology3
BIOL 563Population and Community Ecology3
Ecology Track Electives
Select at least one course from each of the following three categories
Plant Ecology3
Plant Biology - WR
Plant Taxonomy & Ecology - WR
Chemical Ecology - WR
Animal Ecology3
Vertebrate Zoology
Animal Behavior
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
Entomology
Behavioral Ecology
Ornithology
Environmental Physiology
Selected Topics (Invertebrate Zoology)
Community Ecology3
Evolutionary Ecology of Disease
Global Change Ecology - CUE
Ecology of Urban and Suburban Landscapes
Ecosystems Ecology
Conservation Biology
Select one additional courses from any of the three categories above3
Biology electives at the 300 level or above11
Minimum Total Hours38-40

Flight Plan


Track in Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology

Plan of Study Grid
Year 1
FallHours
GEN 100
Student Success Center Orientation
or Arts and Sciences Orientation
1
BIOL 240 Unity of Life - S 1 3
CHEM 201
CHEM 207
CHEM 208
General Chemistry I - S
Introduction to Chemical Analysis I - SL
Introduction to Chemical Analysis II - SL
5
Foreign Language 1 2 3-4
ENGL 101 Introduction to College Writing - WC 3
 Hours15-16
Spring
BIOL 242 Diversity of Life - S 1 3
BIOL 244 Principles of Biology Laboratory - SL 1 2
CHEM 202
CHEM 209
General Chemistry II - S
Introduction to Chemical Analysis III
4
MATH 205 Calculus I - QR 4
Foreign Language 2 2 3-4
 Hours16-17
Year 2
Fall
BIOL 329 Cellular and Molecular Biology 3
CHEM 341
CHEM 343
Organic Chemistry I
Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
5
ENGL 102 Intermediate College Writing - WC 3
General Education: Cardinal Core Oral Communication - OC 1 3
 Hours14
Spring
BIOL 330 Genetics and Molecular Biology 3
BIOL 331 Genetics and Molecular Biology: Laboratory 2
CHEM 342
CHEM 344
Organic Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
5
PHYS 221
PHYS 223
Fundamentals of Physics I - S
Fundamentals of Physics Lab I - SL
4
General Education: Cardinal Core Arts & Humanities Global Diversity - AHD2 1 3
 Hours17
Year 3
Fall
BIOL 363 Principles of Ecology 3
BIOL 540 Intermediary Metabolism 3
Select one of the following lab experiences: 3 1-3
Microbiology Laboratory  
Undergraduate Research  
Undergraduate Research - CUE  
Undergraduate Research (WR) - CUE, WR  
Biotechnology Methods - WR  
Medicinal Plant Biochemistry - CUE, WR  
Experimental Design and Analysis - CUE  
PHYS 222 Fundamentals of Physics II - S 3
PHYS 224 Fundamentals of Physics Laboratory II - SL 1
General Education: Cardinal Core Arts & Humanities -AH 1 3
 Hours14-16
Spring
BIOL 465 Principles of Physiology 3
BIOL 350 Biostatistics 3
Biology MCD elective 1 (choose one) 3-4
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy  
Microbial Genetics and Pathogenesis - WR  
Biology of the Cell - CUE, WR  
Chemical Ecology - WR  
Introduction to Immunology - WR  
Microbial Physiology - CUE, WR  
Behavioral Endocrinology - CUE, WR  
Endocrinology  
Environmental Physiology  
Gene Structure and Function - WR  
Evolutionary Medicine  
Chronic Disease Biology  
Biology elective 3-4
Humanities/Social Science/Biology WR course (300 level or above) 4 3
 Hours15-17
Year 4
Fall
BIOL 409 Evolutionary Biology - CUE 3
BIOL 357 General Microbiology 3
Biology MCD elective 2 (choose one) 3-4
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy  
Microbial Genetics and Pathogenesis - WR  
Biology of the Cell - CUE, WR  
Chemical Ecology - WR  
Introduction to Immunology - WR  
Microbial Physiology - CUE, WR  
Behavioral Endocrinology - CUE, WR  
Endocrinology  
Environmental Physiology  
Gene Structure and Function - WR  
Evolutionary Medicine  
Chronic Disease Biology  
Humanities/Social Science/Biology Elective (300 level or above) 3
General Education: Cardinal Core Historical Perspective – SBH 1 3
 Hours15-16
Spring
BIOL 443 Developmental Biology - CUE, WR 3
Biology MCD Elective 3 (choose one) 3-4
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy  
Microbial Genetics and Pathogenesis - WR  
Biology of the Cell - CUE, WR  
Chemical Ecology - WR  
Introduction to Immunology - WR  
Microbial Physiology - CUE, WR  
Behavioral Endocrinology - CUE, WR  
Endocrinology  
Environmental Physiology  
Gene Structure and Function - WR  
Evolutionary Medicine  
Chronic Disease Biology  
Humanities/Social Science/Biology Elective (300 level or above) 3-4
Humanities/Social Science/Biology WR Course (300 level or above) 4 3
General Education: Cardinal Core Social & Behavioral Sciences US Diversity - SBD1 1 3
 Hours15-17
 Minimum Total Hours121-130

Track in Ecology

Plan of Study Grid
Year 1
FallHours
GEN 100
Student Success Center Orientation
or Arts and Sciences Orientation
1
BIOL 240 Unity of Life - S 1 3
CHEM 201
CHEM 207
CHEM 208
General Chemistry I - S
Introduction to Chemical Analysis I - SL
Introduction to Chemical Analysis II - SL 1
5
Foreign Language 1 2 3-4
ENGL 101 Introduction to College Writing - WC 3
 Hours15-16
Spring
BIOL 242 Diversity of Life - S 1 3
BIOL 244 Principles of Biology Laboratory - SL 1 2
CHEM 202
CHEM 209
General Chemistry II - S
Introduction to Chemical Analysis III
4
Foreign Language 2 2 3-4
ENGL 102 Intermediate College Writing - WC 3
 Hours15-16
Year 2
Fall
BIOL 329 Cellular and Molecular Biology 3
PHYS 221
PHYS 223
Fundamentals of Physics I - S
Fundamentals of Physics Lab I - SL 1
4
MATH 205 Calculus I - QR 4
General Education: Cardinal Core Oral Communication - OC 1 3
General Education: Cardinal Core Social & Behavioral Sciences US Diversity - SBD1 1 3
 Hours17
Spring
BIOL 330 Genetics and Molecular Biology 3
BIOL 331 Genetics and Molecular Biology: Laboratory 2
Choose one of the following 3
CHEM 341
CHEM 343
Organic Chemistry I
Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
5
Geology for Scientists and Engineers  
Geomorphology  
General Education: Cardinal Core Arts & Humanities Global Diversity - AHD2 1 3
 Hours16
Year 3
Fall
BIOL 363 Principles of Ecology 3
BIOL 350 Biostatistics 3
Biology Ecology elective 1 3 3-4
Choose one of the following 4-5
Fundamentals of Physics II - S
Fundamentals of Physics Laboratory II - SL 1
 
Organic Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
 
General Education: Cardinal Core Historical Perspective – SBH 1 3
 Hours16-18
Spring
BIOL 563 Population and Community Ecology 3
Biology Ecology elective 2 3 3-4
Biology elective (300 level or above) 4 3
Humanities/Social Science/Biology WR Course (300 level or above) 5 3
Humanities/Social Science/Biology elective (300 level or above) 3
 Hours15-16
Year 4
Fall
BIOL 401 Advanced Ecology 3
BIOL 402 Advanced Ecology Lab 2
BIOL 409 Evolutionary Biology - CUE 3
Biology Ecology elective 3 3 3
General Education: Cardinal Core Arts & Humanities – AH 1 3
 Hours14
Spring
Biology Ecology elective 4 3 3
Biology elective 3
Biology/Geosciences Elective 3
Choose one of the following 3
Introduction to Remote Sensing  
Climate Science  
Biogeography  
Geomorphology  
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems  
Urban Demography and GIS  
Humanities/Social Science/Biology WR Course (300 level or above) 5 3
 Hours15
 Minimum Total Hours123-128

Degree Audit Report
Degree Audit reports illustrate how your completed courses fulfill the requirements of your academic plan.  What-if reports allow you to compare the courses you have completed in your current academic plan to the courses required in another academic plan.  Should you have questions about either report, please consult with your academic advisor.

To create either report:

  1. Log into your ULink account.
  2. Click on the Student Services tab.
  3. Next, click on "View my Academic Advisement Report" to run a Degree Audit report in the Undergraduate Advising area. 
  4. To create a What-if report, click on "Create a What-if Advisement Report."

Click here to run a Degree Audit report, or create a What-if report.

Flight Planner
Based on your major, the Flight Planner tool may be available for you to create a personalized Flight Plan.  The Flight Planner can be found in the ULink Student Center.  Consult with your advisor for assistance with the Flight Planner.